Object of the Game
The aim of football is to score more goals then your opponent in a 90-minute playing time frame. The match is split up into two halves of 45 minutes. After the first 45 minutes players will take a 15-minute rest period called half time. The second 45 minutes will resume and any time deemed fit to be added on by the referee (injury time) will be accordingly.
Players & Equipment
Each team consists of 6 players. These are made up of one goalkeeper and 5 outfield players with up to 3 substitutes.
Coed teams are allowed, however, at least 2 players of each gender must participate at the start of the game.
Open teams may consist of either gender. Any ratio of men and women may participate, including all male and all female teams.
To score the ball must go into your opponent’s goal. The whole ball needs to be over the line for it to be a legitimate goal. A goal can be scored with any part of the body apart from the hand or arm up to the shoulder. The goal itself consists of a frame measuring 8 feet high and 8 yards wide.
If a ball goes out of play off an opponent in either of the side lines then it is given as a throw in. If it goes out of play off an attacking player on the base line then it is a goal kick. If it comes off a defending player it is a corner kick.
To win you have to score more goals than that of your opponents. If the scores are level after 30 minutes then the game will end as a draw apart from in cup games where the game can go to extra time and even a penalty shootout to decide the winner. Players must use their feet to kick the ball and are prohibited to use their hands apart from goalkeepers who can use any part of their body.
When there is a Tie
- If teams are still level once the 30 minutes has ended then a penalty shootout must take place.
- The whole ball must cross the goal line for it to constitute as a goal.
For fouls committed, the opposing team will be awarded a free kick.
The Offside Rule in Soccer
Offside can be called when an attacking player is in front of the last defender when the pass is played through to them. The offside area is designed to discourage players from simply hanging around the opponent’s goal waiting for a pass. To be onside they must be placed behind the last defender when the ball is played to them. If the player is in front of that last defender then he is deemed to be offside and free kick to the defending team will be called.
A player cannot be caught offside in their own half. The goalkeeper does not count as a defender. If the ball is played backwards and the player is in front of the last defender then he is deemed to be not offside.